Physics

General: Units and dimensions, dimensional

analysis; least count, significant figures;

Methods of measurement and error analysis for

physical quantities pertaining to the following

experiments: Experiments based on using

Vernier calipers and screw gauge

(micrometer), Determination of g using simple

pendulum, Young’s modulus by Searle’s

method, Specific heat of a liquid using

calorimeter, focal length of a concave mirror

and a convex lens using u-v method, Speed of

sound using resonance column, Verification of

Ohm’s law using voltmeter and ammeter, and

specific resistance of the material of a wire

using meter bridge and post office box.

Mechanics: Kinematics in one and two

dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only),

projectiles; Uniform Circular motion; Relative

velocity.

Newton’s laws of motion; Inertial and uniformly

accelerated frames of reference; Static and

dynamic friction; Kinetic and potential energy;

Work and power; Conservation of linear

momentum and mechanical energy.

Systems of particles; Centre of mass and its

motion; Impulse; Elastic and inelastic collisions.

Law of gravitation; Gravitational potential and

field; Acceleration due to gravity; Motion of

planets and satellites in circular orbits; Escape

velocity.

Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel and

perpendicular axes theorems, moment of

inertia of uniform bodies with simple

geometrical shapes; Angular momentum;

Torque; Conservation of angular momentum;

Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of

rotation; Rolling without slipping of rings,

cylinders and spheres; Equilibrium of rigid

bodies; Collision of point masses with rigid

bodies.

Linear and angular simple harmonic motions.

Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus.

Pressure in a fluid; Pascal’s law; Buoyancy;

Surface energy and surface tension, capillary

rise; Viscosity (Poiseuille’s equation excluded),

Stoke’s law; Terminal velocity, Streamline flow,

equation of continuity, Bernoulli’s theorem and

its applications.

Wave motion (plane waves only), longitudinal

and transverse waves, superposition of waves;

Progressive and stationary waves; Vibration of

strings and air columns; Resonance; Beats;

Speed of sound in gases; Doppler effect (in

sound).

Thermal physics: Thermal expansion of

solids, liquids and gases; Calorimetry, latent

heat; Heat conduction in one dimension;

Elementary concepts of convection and

radiation; Newton’s law of cooling; Ideal gas

laws; Specific heats (Cv and Cp for

monoatomic and diatomic gases); Isothermal

and adiabatic processes, bulk modulus of

gases; Equivalence of heat and work; First law

of thermodynamics and its applications (only

for ideal gases); Blackbody radiation:

absorptive and emissive powers; Kirchhoff’s

law; Wien’s displacement law, Stefan’s law.

Electricity and magnetism: Coulomb’s law;

Electric field and potential; Electrical potential

energy of a system of point charges and of

electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field;

Electric field lines; Flux of electric field; Gauss’s

law and its application in simple cases, such

as, to find field due to infinitely long straight

wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and

uniformly charged thin spherical shell.

Capacitance; Parallel plate capacitor with and

without dielectrics; Capacitors in series and

parallel; Energy stored in a capacitor.

Electric current; Ohm’s law; Series and parallel

arrangements of resistances and cells;

Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications;

Heating effect of current.

Biot–Savart’s law and Ampere’s law; Magnetic

field near a current-carrying straight wire, along

the axis of a circular coil and inside a long

straight solenoid; Force on a moving charge

and on a current-carrying wire in a uniform

magnetic field.

Magnetic moment of a current loop; Effect of a

uniform magnetic field on a current loop;

Moving coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter

and their conversions.

Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law,

Lenz’s law; Self and mutual inductance; RC,

LR and LC circuits with d.c. and a.c. sources.

Optics: Rectilinear propagation of light;

Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical

surfaces; Total internal reflection; Deviation

and dispersion of light by a prism; Thin lenses;

Combinations of mirrors and thin lenses;

Magnification

Wave nature of light: Huygen’s principle,

interference limited to Young’s double-slit

experiment.

Modern physics: Atomic nucleus; Alpha, beta

and gamma radiations; Law of radioactive

decay; Decay constant; Half-life and mean life;

Binding energy and its calculation; Fission and

fusion processes; Energy calculation in these

processes.

Photoelectric effect; Bohr’s theory of hydrogenlike atoms; Characteristic and continuous Xrays, Moseley’s law; de

Broglie wavelength of

matter waves